Can You Get Weight Loss Surgery If You Have Hypothyroidism High Cholesterol Levels: Prevention and Treatment

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High Cholesterol Levels: Prevention and Treatment

High cholesterol levels are a growing threat to many people. This is because many changes have involved our daily lifestyle that has led to a semi-inactive life. Exercise, which is an important factor in preventing high cholesterol levels, is practiced by fewer individuals. All these events have caused an increase in the incidence of hypercholesterolemia.

Hypercholesterolemia refers to a blood cholesterol measurement > 200 mg/dl. A normal total cholesterol level is 150-199 mg/dl. Cholesterol is not a dangerous substance. It is only dangerous when the level is higher than normal. Cholesterol has the following functions in the human body:

1. It enters into the structure of many body hormones that are important as sex hormones.

2. It is important for the production of bile acids, which digest fats.

3. It is an important component of the cell membrane of every cell.

4. Cholesterol is part of the myelin sheath that covers nerves. This sheath protects the axon, which helps the transmission of nerve impulses efficiently.

Now let’s talk about hypercholesterolemia.

The problem of high cholesterol lies in the increased risk of arteriosclerosis and heart disease.

What causes hypercholesterolemia?

It can be major because:

1. Ancestry

2. Obesity

3. Nutritional intake

Or it can occur secondarily due to:

1. Diabetes mellitus (if poorly controlled)

2. Hypothyroidism

3. Kidney damage

4. Drugs such as oral contraceptives and steroids

Hypercholesterolemia is asymptomatic and is only detected through blood tests.

Is there good cholesterol and bad cholesterol?

Yes, there is. HDL cholesterol is good because it removes excess cholesterol from the bloodstream and carries it to the liver where it is broken down. Therefore high HDL levels reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease.

VLDL, LDL and IDL are called bad cholesterol because they can deposit on the walls of blood vessels and form plaques that can block arteries.

What can we do to prevent high cholesterol?

A balanced low-fat diet and maintaining a healthy weight are the best ways to prevent high cholesterol. Saturated (animal) fats, including egg yolks and whole milk dairy products, raise LDL. Monounsaturated fats—such as olive, canola or peanut oil—and fiber can lower cholesterol levels. In addition to exercising every day for 30 minutes will increase HDL levels and lower LDL and triglycerides.

What is the treatment for hypercholesterolemia?

The line of management includes lifestyle and diet changes (as described above). The drugs used are:

1. Statins (most common)

2. Bile acid isolation resin

3. Cholesterol absorption inhibitor

4. Fibrates

5. Niacin

Important values:

Total cholesterol (normal): 150-199 mg/dl

Total cholesterol (borderline elevated): 200- 239 mg/dl

Total cholesterol (increased) > 240 mg/dl

HDL (normal) > 40 mg/dl

HDL (borderline depressed): 35- 39 mg/dl

HDL (depressed) < 35 mg/dl

LDL (normal)<130 mg/dl

LDL (borderline elevated): 131- 159 mg/dl

LDL (increased) > 160 mg/dl

Triglycerides (normal) < 160 mg/dl

In essence, a fasting lipoprotein profile is recommended every five years.

I hope this article is helpful and it includes enough information to get you the best awareness.

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